Building Information Modelling (BIM) is used to generate and manage digital representations of physical and functional characteristics of a facility which can be used for decision-making preceding construction. The first utilisation of BIM was related to virtual building by Graphisoft’ Autocad in 1987.
BIM can be regarded as a virtual prototype such as a building, a site, an infrastructure system or a city. By producing an intelligent project model, designers can better understand a facility’s performance before construction. Information can then be shared with the asset owner and operator.
In June 2011 the UK government released its publication on the BIM strategy, stating intention to incorporate 3D BIM with all project and asset information, documentation and electronic data by 2016. To overcome the limited interoperability of BIM software programmes available on the market, compliance will require building data to be in COBIE format. More information about the government’s BIM programme and requirements are given by the UK Government BIM Task Group Website – http://www.bimtaskgroup.org/.
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